DIY Motor in 12 Easy Steps
DIY Motor in 12 Easy Steps
|Author:||Dhananjay V. Gadre|
|Estimated time:||60-90 mins|
This tutorial will teach you how to build a very simple DC motor.
- 1 Step 1: Collect all components
- 2 Step 2: Drill the PCB
- 3 Step 3: Hacksaw sides of the PCB
- 4 Step 4: Prepare the Motor Contacts I
- 5 Step 5: Prepare the Motor Contacts II
- 6 Step 6: Prepare the PCB
- 7 Step 7: Solder the Motor Terminals to the PCB
- 8 Step 8: Prepare the Motor Coil I
- 9 Step 9: Prepare the Motor Coil II
- 10 Step 10: Prepare the Motor Coil III
- 11 Step 11: Mount the screws on the PCB and Glue the magnet
- 12 Step 12: Mount the coil and flick it!
- 13 See also
Step 1: Collect all components
Collect all the components as shown in the picture below. You will need
- Two Alkaline 1.5V batteries (even one battery will do). AA or AAA Size.
- Battery Holder (AA or AAA Size depending upon your battery) with connector
- Rare Earth Magnet (Size not critical). I used a magnet with 10 mm dia and 10 mm length.
- A feet of Magnet wire, 26 SWG
- Two pieces of Hookup wire 24SWG, 6 inch length each.
- Four numbers of screws and standoffs.
- A small rectangular piece of PCB.
Apart from these components, you would also need the following tools:
- Wire snipper/cutter
- Solder Iron and solder
- Sharp knife
- Drill bits: 3-mm and 1-mm
- A Used 'AAA' size battery to wind the coil.
Step 2: Drill the PCB
As shown in the photograph below, drill the PCB corners with 3 mm drill bit for the screws and standoffs.
Step 3: Hacksaw sides of the PCB
Using a hacksaw, make two 3-mm deep incisions on opposite sides of the PCB as shown in the photograph.
Step 4: Prepare the Motor Contacts I
Using the small drill bit (I used a 2-mm drill bit) bend the hookup wire to make a loop as shown the photograph below.
Step 5: Prepare the Motor Contacts II
Cut each hookup wire to about an inch in length. Make U shaped bends at the other end of the wires as shown in the photograph.
Step 6: Prepare the PCB
Using a hacksaw, separate the copper foil in two as shown in the photograph below.
Step 7: Solder the Motor Terminals to the PCB
As shown in the photograph below, solder the hookup wire to the PCB through the incisions made in the PCB.
Step 8: Prepare the Motor Coil I
Use a AAA sized battery as a former, to wind 10 turns of 26-SWG magnet wire as shown the photograph below. Leave about 2 inches of length of wire at both the ends.
Step 9: Prepare the Motor Coil II
Remove the coil from the former and loop the ends of the wires around the coil a few times as shown in the photograph below. Make sure that the two loops are exactly 180 degrees apart and that the coil is balanced about these loops.
Step 10: Prepare the Motor Coil III
Use an Exacto knife or any other knife with sharp edge to scrape off part of the insulation from the two ends of the coil along the entire length of the wire. Do not remove the insulation of the loop part of the wire. Do not remove all the insulation.
The illustration below shows how to remove the insulation from the two ends of the loop. The black portion shows the part of the wire where the insulation has been removed.
Step 11: Mount the screws on the PCB and Glue the magnet
As shown in the photograph below, mount the four screws and standoffs on the PCB and attach the magnet in the middle of the PCB using a drop of quick setting adhesive.
Step 12: Mount the coil and flick it!
As shown in the photograph below, mount the coil in the loops of the hookup wire and install the batteries in the battery holder. If the coil does not start rotating on its own, flick it gently with a finger and see it rev up and continue to rotate.